Impact of Sintering Temperature of the Mechanical Properties of a Fe20Cr20Mn20Ni20Ti10Co5V5 Medium Entropy Alloy


  • Steadyman Chikumba University of South Africa, South Africa
  • Veeredhi Vasudeva Rao University of South Africa, South Africa



Spark plasma sintering, mechanical properties, annealing, medium entropy alloy


Medium entropy alloys (MEAs) are new emerging engineering alloys comprising four principal elements characterised by a low enthalpy of mixing and entropies of formation between 1 and 1.5 molar gas constant. They have high strength, wear, and thermal properties. MEAs have generated interest as an alternative material in the last two decades in nuclear, aerospace, and high strength engineering applications. In this research a medium entropy alloy Fe20Cr20Mn20Ni20Ti10Co5V5 with principal elements Fe, Cr, Mn, and Ni was fabricated using spark plasma sintering. Elemental powder mixture was sintered at temperatures of 870oC, 900oC and 950oC under 35 bar pressure under an inert argon atmosphere for 45 minutes using an FCT Systeme GmbH spark plasma sintering machine. After sand blasting the densities of the samples were measured before grinding, polishing, and etching for characterisation. Microstructure analysis was carried using scanning electron and optical microscopy. Microhardness was measured using Falcon 507 hardness tester, modulus using by Anton-Paar Nanoindenter and wear using Anton-Paar TRB3 Tribometer. The elements form a solid solution with presence of a hard μ phase and soft γ-phase were observed. The hardness of the alloys sintered at 870oC and 900oC were 397 and 424 Vickers respectively. The alloy sintered at 950oC showed a hardness of 674 Vickers. After annealing the hardness increased to 736 Vickers. The modulus of elasticity and creep resistance increased after heat treatment at 700oC.The other alloys showed a decrease in hardness and other properties after annealing. Unlike in steels, where annealing reduces, in this alloy annealing increased hardness at an appropriate temperature. Fe20Cr20Mn20Ni20Ti10Co5V5 MEA exhibited good thermal stability. Further work on the alloy will involve its crystallography, and feasibility for use elevated temperature energy applications such as fuel cells, turbines and wear resistant machine components.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Chikumba, S. and Rao, V. V. (2023) “Impact of Sintering Temperature of the Mechanical Properties of a Fe20Cr20Mn20Ni20Ti10Co5V5 Medium Entropy Alloy”, African Journal of Inter/Multidisciplinary Studies, 5(1), pp. 1–14. doi: 10.51415/ajims.v5i1.1103.